Research on connected cars consist of the following sub-areas:
- Mobility management
- Vehicle management
- Driver assistance
This has further led to the development of automated vehicles, with areas on lane detection, obstacle detection, sensors, navigation, and path planning among others. Toyota has their Lane-Keeping Assist (LKA) which can drive on the highway, though Toyota still requires drivers to hold onto the wheel. At the University of Parma in Italy, a team built an autonomous car that was tested in 2010 in different countries from Italy to Shanghai. This test had great impact and is considered a milestone in automotive research.
The University of Michigan, in 2017, has also launched their driverless bus to shuttle passengers around campus. The university continues to be one of the leaders in the automotive industry. General Motors has also announced their production of more than a hundred self-driving Chevy Bolts. They already have 50 that are tested in San Francisco. Meanwhile, Nvidia has expressed interest to work with Volvo and Volkswagen to develop high-tech chips for self-driving cars.Artificial intelligence is also on the way, as all the major automotive firms try to come up with the best AI. Nvidia and Bosch has collaborated with the goal to build a supercomputer that will work with the Deep Learning technology. Adding to the competition, BMW and IBM have joined to add cognitive capabilities to vehicles so that they can communicate with one another.